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Heatstroke is a serious condition. Your body overheats due to overexertion. This causes dehydration. As your temperature rises, so does your heart rate, and then your heart begins to struggle. This is a medical emergency. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, confusion and heat-related seizures.
Heatstroke affects people who are: athletes, children, elderly, and those who work outside in hot weather.
You may know that heatstroke can be fatal. But you may not know how to protect yourself from the dangers of high temperatures.
In this article, we provide you information help you how to identify the signs and symptoms of heatstroke and how to deal with them. We also help you get some information on foods that can help you stay safe when the weather gets hot.
How To Maintain the Body Temperature?
If the temperature rises above 40°C, there is an immediate danger of heatstroke. In heatstroke, the body loses fluid and cools down quickly. The vital organs fail and the sufferer may dies. The first symptom of heatstroke is loss of consciousness and inability to stand up. Then there may be vomiting, muscle cramps, seizures and convulsions.
The first sign of heatstroke is thirst. The body produces a sweating response to cool itself off. Sweat reduces the body’s ability to cool itself by evaporation. The person’s skin will start to feel hot, and the skin may even break out into a rash.
The symptoms of heat stroke include headaches, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, confusion, loss of consciousness, coma, seizures, and sometimes death. Prevention is essential. Heat exhaustion occurs when you experience a rapid rise in body temperature, usually as a result of prolonged physical exertion and little water.
Tips To Prevent Heat Stroke
If you’re living or planning to travel in a country where temperatures can reach extreme levels, here are some tips to prevent heatstroke.
1: Wear comfortable shoes
A good pair of walking shoes can make all the difference between staying cool and feeling miserable in the heat. Wearing light-weight materials, and choosing shoes that offer adequate ventilation can go a long way in preventing overheating.
2: Keep hydrated
Staying well hydrated is key when living or traveling to hot climates. Make sure to drink lots of water throughout the day, and keep yourself well fed as dehydration is a common cause of heat exhaustion. If you’re not hungry, you’re not drinking enough.
3: Dress in layers
While it may seem obvious, remember to layer your clothing appropriately. This is especially important if you’re planning on traveling through the summer months, or during the rainy season.
4: Stay in the shade
Shaded areas are the ideal places to rest and take a break, so keep an eye out for them when you’re traveling in hot weather. It’s easy to spot a shady area when you see people relaxing, taking a breather, and reading a book.
5: Drink less alcohol
When you’re living or traveling to countries where the temperature is extreme, it’s a good idea to cut back on your alcohol intake. Alcohol can raise your body temperature, and that can lead to heatstroke.
6: Avoid strenuous activity
It’s also a good idea to limit your physical activities while traveling. While exercising is great for your physical health, you don’t need to overdo it. Doing a bit of exercise can raise your core body temperature, and that can lead to heatstroke.
7: Rest when you’re tired
When you’re traveling to work or for outing, you may be tempted to continue on in the face of exhaustion, but it’s a good idea to rest at least once in a while. It’s the body’s natural response to the stresses of a new environment. If you’re traveling to a country that you’re unfamiliar with, it may be tempting to push on, but resting is a good idea, and will help you avoid getting ill.
8: Seek medical attention immediately
If you have a fever, chills, or headache, you should seek medical help. You may be facing dehydration or heat exhaustion. If you fall sick in heatstroke, seek immediate medical help.
Preventing Heatstroke in Children
It is not always safe for kids to be outside. Children can be easily injured by sunburn, dehydration, heatstroke and even drowning. In the summer months, they are especially at risk because of their thin skin and their inability to sweat.
Protect them from these dangers and keep them cool by keeping them hydrated with water and fruit juices, or at least drink them during the day. They should not have to drink during the hottest times of the day. Don’t leave the children alone at home for a long time.
The hotter it is outside, the more they will need to drink. Make sure they wear sun protection. If they are outside during the hottest times of the day, make sure they drink a lot of water alongwith healthy foods for heatstroke to prevent.
Children should be encouraged to play outside in the sunshine, but there are ways to help prevent sunburn and heatstroke. The best way is to limit their exposure to the sun by covering up their skin with sunscreen. This will help them avoid sunburn and skin cancer later in life.
Foods for Heatstroke: Helpful in Prevention
Heatstroke is a dangerous and potentially lethal condition. So, how can you prevent it? By eating foods that are not only cooling but also packed with electrolytes. And what are some of those foods? Here, we’ve outlined some of the healthiest foods you can eat when it gets hot.
The juicy fruit of the melon plant is extremely hydrating, one of the best foods for heatstroke to prevent. It contains potassium, magnesium, and vitamin C, which help you stay hydrated and keep your muscles from cramping.
Watermelon is full of lycopene, a chemical that is particularly good at preventing sunburn. If you’re feeling really hungry, consider mixing in some yogurt to increase the protein content, smoothie can a be great option.
2: Aloe vera
In the summer heat, your best option is to drink lots of water and wear lightweight clothing. You can also apply aloe vera gel to the skin, which can help cool you down and prevent sunburn.
Stay well-hydrated. It’s the simplest way to avoid the ill effects of a scorching day. Drink water, but don’t overdo it. Make sure to keep yourself well-supplied with water, too, since dehydration can lead to heatstroke.
The less sugar you consume, the better. Sweet drinks and candy can make you more thirsty. It can be tempting to sip on sugary drinks during the day, but it’s not recommended. Instead, keep yourself hydrated and fill up on water.
Eat oatmeal. Oats are rich in fiber and contain a high concentration of potassium, which helps to regulate the blood pressure and keep you hydrated in summer. If you want to add a little flavor, consider sprinkling a few raisins into your bowl of oats.
Fruits like bananas and watermelon are rich in vitamin C. The vitamin C boosts the body’s ability to eliminate toxins, which can help protect against the ill effects of the heat.
To keep yourself alert, drink coffee. Coffee can stimulate the brain, which can help you stay awake on a hot day. However, make sure to drink your coffee in moderation. Too much coffee can lead to headaches and jitteriness.
For those who can’t drink coffee, milk can be a great alternative. Not only is milk good for you, but it also contains sodium and potassium, which can help to boost your energy levels and keep you hydrated.
Cucumbers are also cooling and full of potassium and magnesium. They can also be eaten with salt to help replenish your body’s fluid levels.
Avocados can be used to help prevent heatstroke. This is because avocados are loaded with potassium. Potassium is a mineral that helps the body regulate its temperature. When you eat an avocado, it is loaded with potassium which helps keep your body cool.
Kiwifruits are rich in vitamins and fiber. They contain potassium, which can help regulate your blood pressure to prevent muscle cramps and to prevent heat stroke. If you are in the desert or by the sea, eating kiwi fruit can keep you cool and calm.
Yogurt is known for its many health benefits, and there is no doubt about it, yogurt can help prevent heat stroke. It can help boost your immune system and keep you healthy. This nutritious food helps to prevent bacterial infections, including those caused by E. coli. It can also reduce the risk of stomach ulcers, heartburn, and diarrhea.
Lemon juice is an excellent natural remedy for heat stroke. Lemon contains citric acid, which helps keep your body temperature balanced. Citric acid also increases your blood circulation and speeds up your metabolism.
Blueberries are high in Vitamin C, which can help prevent heat strokes and low in calories & fats. They’re also loaded with fiber, manganese, copper, potassium, folate, vitamin K, iron and phosphorus. All of these nutrients help keep your heart healthy.
15: Saltwater Pools and Spas
If you don’t have access to a swimming pool, try a saltwater spa. They’re more effective than the average swimming pool because salt is an excellent way to cool off. Soak in a mineral-rich saltwater bath or use a salt-infused bath sponge or washcloth.
Heatstroke Treatment in Case It Occurs
The symptoms of heatstroke are: hot dry skin, headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, confusion and eventually convulsions and coma. When the body temperature exceeds 41 degrees C (105 degrees F), the brain starts to malfunction and the person can die. If this happens, it is better to seek medical help as soon as possible.
People often use cold packs for heatstroke treatment. They wrap the cold pack around the affected area of the body and then put a wet towel over the cold pack. But using a cold pack on the head can be dangerous. It can actually cause brain damage. So, it’s better to use a warm pack, but a cool one is better than a warm one.
In conclusion, there’s no simple way to cure heatstroke or heat exhaustion. What we can say, however, is that you need to take precautions. While there are some simple ways to avoid the effects of heatstroke, including drinking plenty of water, eating foods for the heatstroke that’s low in salt, avoiding strenuous activity in hot weather, and staying hydrated before, during, and after exercise, many factors can contribute to the development of heatstroke. While there’s no way to avoid all of them, you can lower the odds by following the tips mentioned above by eating foods best for prevention of heatstroke.
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